Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN RED CRESCENT MEDICAL JOURNAL (IRCMJ)   MAY 2014 , Volume 16 , Number 5; Page(s) 1 To 7.
 
Paper: 

CHANGES IN RISK FACTORS AND EXERCISE CAPACITY AFTER CARDIAC REHABILITATION AND ITS EFFECT ON HOSPITAL READMISSION

 
 
Author(s):  NAJAFI FARID*, NALINI MEHDI*, NIKBAKHT MOHAMMAD REZA
 
* VICE CHANCELLERY OF RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY, KERMANSHAH UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, BUILDING NO 2, SHAHID BEHESHTI BLVD, KERMANSHAH, I.R. IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Despite the positive outcomes reported with cardiac rehabilitation (CR), its impacts have been reported to be different from a region or country to another, which may be due to the different contents of rehabilitation programs.
Objectives: To investigate the effect of CR on cardiovascular risk factors.
Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study on the data from Imam Ali Cardiac Rehabilitation Center in Kermanshah province, Iran from 2001 to 2008. We used paired t-test to evaluate the effect of CR on cardiovascular risk factors. Logistic regression or t-test (unequal variance) were used to assess the factors influencing re-admission (due to cardiac problems). The relationship between different variables and death was studied using univariate cox proportional hazard. P values<0.05 were considered significant for all analyses.
Results: Out of 504 patients who completed rehabilitation, a total of 499 were analyzed. These 499 patients consisted of 383 men and 116 women. All anthropometric measurements, blood lipids (except HDL cholesterol), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, depression, anxiety and exercise capacity improved after rehabilitation (P<0.05 for all cases). The improvement was observed in both sexes. A total of 39 patients were re-admitted to hospital after rehabilitation. Being female (OR=2.40; 95%CI: 1.22-4.68) and history of diabetes (OR=2.04; 95%CI: 1.04-4.02) increased the risk of re-admission significantly. Patients who were readmitted had higher anthropometric measurements at the beginning and the end of the program. Moreover, the initial exercise capacity of readmitted patients was lower than those who were not readmitted. After a maximal follow-up period of 6.3 years (median=2.99 years), only eight patients expired (survival rate: 97.5%; 95%CI: 94.7-98.8). None of the variables in our study was significantly related to the survival rate.
Conclusions: The comprehensive CR program in Imam Ali Center efficiently reduces cardiovascular risk factors and improves exercise capacity.

 
Keyword(s): REHABILITATION, EXERCISE TOLERANCE, PATIENT READMISSION, RISK FACTORS
 
References: 
  • ندارد
 
  pdf-File tarjomyar Yearly Visit 88
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog