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Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE   2014 , Volume 5 , Number 5; Page(s) 611 To 616.
 
Paper: 

Nutritional Assessment For Primary School Children In Tehran: An Evaluation Of Dietary Pattern With Emphasis On Snacks And Meals Consumption

 
 
Author(s):  Amini Maryam, Dadkhah Piraghaj Monireh, Abtahi Mitra*, Abdollahi Morteza, Houshiarrad Anahita, Kimiagar Masoud
 
* 7, WEST ARGHAVAN STREET, FARAHZADI BLVD, SANAT SQUARE, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
Background: In order to provide better advice for prevention of obesity and eating disorders among children, there is a need to have more knowledge of their dietary patterns. This study examined meal and snacking patterns of primary school children in Tehran.Methods: A total of 761 male and female primary school children from all educational areas in Tehran were recruited in a cross-sectional survey. The data was collected by interviewing the students and their mothers or caregivers. Information on food consumption patterns was collected by one 24-h-recall and one snack-oriented food frequency questionnaire which covered a period of 1 month. Means, standard deviations, frequencies, percentages, energy and nutrient analyzes and nutrient densities were reported.Results: All of the students snacked at least once on the day of the survey. Snacks provided 38% of total energy intake by the students. Fruits and sweet snacks were consumed by almost all of the students during a week. Energy and most nutrient intakes from meals were greater than those consumed from snacks. Snacks had a higher density of fiber, carbohydrate, calcium, iron, vitamin C, riboflavin and thiamin and had a lower density of protein, fat and niacin, compared with main meals. Salty snacks such as extruded cheese curls (Cheetos) and chips were not consumed so often.Conclusions: Results provide detailed information about dietary patterns, which in turn enable development of targeted messages and/or interventions to improve nutritional status of school children.
 
Keyword(s): CHILDREN, NUTRITIONAL VALUE, PRIMARY SCHOOL, SNACKING PATTERN
 
 
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APA: Copy

AMINI, M., & DADKHAH PIRAGHAJ, M., & ABTAHI, M., & ABDOLLAHI, M., & HOUSHIARRAD, A., & KIMIAGAR, M. (2014). NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN TEHRAN: AN EVALUATION OF DIETARY PATTERN WITH EMPHASIS ON SNACKS AND MEALS CONSUMPTION. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, 5(5), 611-616. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=408812



Vancouver: Copy

AMINI MARYAM, DADKHAH PIRAGHAJ MONIREH, ABTAHI MITRA, ABDOLLAHI MORTEZA, HOUSHIARRAD ANAHITA, KIMIAGAR MASOUD. NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN TEHRAN: AN EVALUATION OF DIETARY PATTERN WITH EMPHASIS ON SNACKS AND MEALS CONSUMPTION. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE. 2014 [cited 2022August08];5(5):611-616. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=408812



IEEE: Copy

AMINI, M., DADKHAH PIRAGHAJ, M., ABTAHI, M., ABDOLLAHI, M., HOUSHIARRAD, A., KIMIAGAR, M., 2014. NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN TEHRAN: AN EVALUATION OF DIETARY PATTERN WITH EMPHASIS ON SNACKS AND MEALS CONSUMPTION. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, [online] 5(5), pp.611-616. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=408812.



 
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