Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY RESEARCH (IJNMR)   MAY-JUNE 2014 , Volume 19 , Number 3; Page(s) 290 To 294.
 
Paper: 

EFFICACY OF GROUP MEANING CENTERED HOPE THERAPY OF CANCER PATIENTS AND THEIR FAMILIES ON PATIENTS’ QUALITY OF LIFE

 
 
Author(s):  FARHADI MEHRAN, REISI DEHKORDI NEGAR*, KALANTARI MEHRDAD, ZARGHAM BOROUJENI ALI
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, HAMEDAN BRANCH, HAMEDAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Quality of life (QOL) is a multidimensional concept which has nowadays turned to a supportive interventional goal in chronic diseases like cancer. Numerous interventions have been carried out to improve the QOL in patients with cancer, but the effect of indirect interventions on the patients’ QOL has not been investigated yet. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of group meaning centered hope therapy of cancer patients and their families on the patients’ QOL.
Materials and Methods: This is a clinical trial conducted in three groups with a pre-test post-test design in which the effect of independent variable of meaning centered hope therapy on the dependent variable of QOL was investigated. The subjects were selected from the cancer patients who were aware of their diagnosis, were in primary stages of the disease, and had passed one period of chemotherapy. In this study, 42 patients (16 in control group, 14 in patients’ group therapy, and 12 in patients’ families’ group therapy) were studied, and WHOQOL was adopted to investigate their QOL. Data were analyzed in two forms of descriptive and inferential statistical tests.
Results: The results obtained showed that group meaning centered hope therapy of cancer patients and their families had a positive effect on patients’ QOL compared to the control group. The notablefi nding of the present study was that holding group sessions either for the patients or for their families equally improved patients’ QOL.
Conclusion: QOL of the cancer patients can be improved by either group meaning centered hope therapy for patients or group meaning centered hope therapy for their families. Thisfi nding is important for therapists, as when the patients cannot attend group therapy sessions due to complications of chemotherapy, these sessions can be held for their families to improve patients’ QOL. This conclusion is very helpful in nurses’ interaction with the patients and their families.

 
Keyword(s): CANCER, CAREGIVERS, HOPE THERAPY, IRAN, QUALITY OF LIFE
 
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