Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND HEALTH   2013 , Volume 3 , Number 4; Page(s) 514 To 518.
 
Paper: 

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PRE-ECLAMPSIA AND PERIODONTAL INFECTION IN PREGNANT WOMEN

 
 
Author(s):  RAHMANI ROGHAYEH, AHRARI SHAHNAZ*, MAHMOODIAN AZAM, DADPUR NEMATOLLAH, BESHAGH MITRA, TAGHANY MARZIEH, ZOHOORIAN ZAHRA
 
* FACULTY OF NURSING, PARA MEDICINE DEPARTMENT; OF OPERATION ROOM; SCHOOL OF PARA MEDICINE SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND HEALTH PROMOTION RESEARCH CENTER, GONABAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, GONABAD, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Pre-eclampsia is a common problem among pregnant women, and is associated with many complications such as preterm labor, spontaneous abortion, etc. Knowledge of how this phenomenon occurs and identifying its most common factors are essential to planning preventive measures. The present study was designed and conducted with the aim to determine the relationship between periodontal infections and pre-eclampsia in pregnant women. In this case-control study, 30 pregnant women in their 20- 40 gestational weeks, hospitalized with pre-eclampsia in of Gonabad were selected as the case group and the same number of healthy women who were matched to the women in the case group for age, number of pregnancies, and education level were selected as the control group. Both groups were referred to the dentist for dental examinations and were examined for periodontal infections. Data were analyzed in SPSS-16 software using Chi-square test. The two case and control groups were similar in terms of demographic and obstetrics parameters, but in terms of prevalence of periodontal diseases, there was a significant difference between them. Since no significant correlation was found between other studied variables and pre-eclampsia, a larger sample size is recommended for future studies.

 
Keyword(s): PERIODONTAL DISEASE, PRE-ECLAMPSIA, PREGNANCY
 
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