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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND HEALTH   2013 , Volume 3 , Number 4; Page(s) 497 To 503.
 
Paper: 

WATERPIPE SMOKING IN THE MALE COLLEGE STUDENTS: AN EDUCATION INTERVENTION USING THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR

 
 
Author(s):  DEHDARI TAHEREH, JOVEYNI HAMID*, GOHARI MAHMOODREZA
 
* HEALTH EDUCATION AND PROMOTION DEPARTMENT, SCHOOL OF HEALTH, IRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

In the world, the trend of increasing water pipe smoking was more than the cigarettes. The aim of this study was to determine of effectiveness of an educational intervention based on theory of planned behavior (TPB) to reducing water pipe smoking in the male college students who were living in dormitories of Tehran Univercity of Medical in 2011. In quasi-experimental study, 90 university were selected by random sampling method. Data collection was performed by designed questionnaire based on TPB constructs and demographic variables. The participants filled out questionnaires before the intervention. Education intervention was designed according to pre-test results and performed for intervention group. Two groups were followed- up two-months after completion of intervention and filled out questionnaires again. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS software, Chi- Square test, One-wayANOVA, independent-samples T test and Student’s paired-samples t test. Findings of the present study showed that there were significant differences between the mean score of attitude, behavioral intention, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control in the experiment group compared with the control group after intervention. In addition, significant reductions in the frequency of water pipe smoking were observed in the intervention group as compare to the control group. The results showed that developed educational intervention based on TPB constructs can be modified positive perceptions of college students toward water pipe smoking and also reducing of smoking it.

 
Keyword(s): BEHAVIOR, EDUCATION, STUDENT, WATER PIPE
 
References: 
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