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Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE   2014 , Volume 5 , Number 6; Page(s) 776 To 781.
 
Paper: 

Pattern Of Use Of Earphone And Music Player Devices Among Iranian Adolescents

 
 
Author(s):  Ansari Hossein, Mohammadpoorasl Asghar*, Rostami Fatemeh, Maleki Mahdieh, Sahebihagh Mohammad Hassan, Holakouie Naieni Kourosh
 
* DEPARTMENT OF NUTRITION AND FOOD SAFETY, QAZVIN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, QAZVIN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
Background: There is no information about the pattern of use of earphones and music players in Iranian adolescents. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and pattern of the use of earphone and music player devices as a main risk factor for hearing loss in adolescents of Tabriz city, northwest of Iran.Methods: In this cross-sectional study in November 2011, 2, 359 high school students were randomly selected and were asked to complete a 20-item questionnaire about the pattern of using earphones and music players.Results: The results showed that 44.3% [confidence interval (CI) 95%: 38.3-50.3] of the respondents had a history of hearing problems that was significantly different between males and females (42.2% of males and 47% of females, p: 0.02). Notably, 36.8% of the participants stated that they listened to music without any rest or stop. Almost 49.6% (CI 95%: 44.4-54.4) of the students reported listening to ‘somewhat loud’ (gain setting at 50%) or ‘very loud’ (gain setting more than 50%) volume level of music. In terms of the kind of earphones, 17.1% of the participants used headphones, 34.8% used earbud-style headphones, 32.3% used supra-aural headphones, and 15.8% of them did not use any type of earphones.Conclusions: Students have risky patterns of using earphones and music-listening devices. Planning educational programs in this domain for adolescents especially in high schools is necessary.
 
Keyword(s): ADOLESCENTS, EARPHONE, HEARING LOSS, IRAN, MUSIC PLAYER
 
 
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APA: Copy

ANSARI, H., & MOHAMMADPOORASL, A., & ROSTAMI, F., & MALEKI, M., & SAHEBIHAGH, M., & HOLAKOUIE NAIENI, K. (2014). PATTERN OF USE OF EARPHONE AND MUSIC PLAYER DEVICES AMONG IRANIAN ADOLESCENTS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, 5(6), 776-781. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=408662



Vancouver: Copy

ANSARI HOSSEIN, MOHAMMADPOORASL ASGHAR, ROSTAMI FATEMEH, MALEKI MAHDIEH, SAHEBIHAGH MOHAMMAD HASSAN, HOLAKOUIE NAIENI KOUROSH. PATTERN OF USE OF EARPHONE AND MUSIC PLAYER DEVICES AMONG IRANIAN ADOLESCENTS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE. 2014 [cited 2022June30];5(6):776-781. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=408662



IEEE: Copy

ANSARI, H., MOHAMMADPOORASL, A., ROSTAMI, F., MALEKI, M., SAHEBIHAGH, M., HOLAKOUIE NAIENI, K., 2014. PATTERN OF USE OF EARPHONE AND MUSIC PLAYER DEVICES AMONG IRANIAN ADOLESCENTS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, [online] 5(6), pp.776-781. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=408662.



 
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