Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY (IJP)   SPRING 2014 , Volume 9 , Number 2; Page(s) 107 To 112.
 
Paper: 

PRE-DIABETIC CLINICAL CHANGES INDUCED BY LOW DOSES OF ALLOXAN-STREPTOZOTOCIN COCKTAIL IN RABBITS

 
Author(s):  MIR MASOOD SALEEM*, DARZI MOHAMMAD MAQBOOL, KHAN HILAL MUSADIQ, KAMIL SHAYAIB AHMAD, SOFI ASIF HASSAN, WANI SARFARAZ AHMAD
 
* DEPARTMENT OF VETERINARY PATHOLOGY, UNIVERSITY SKUAST-KASHMIR, SRINAGAR, INDIA
 
Abstract: 

Background & Objectives: Alloxan and streptozotocin are used for inducing diabetic models. Their combination has been used to reduce the individual chemical dosage and minimize the side effects. Present investigation was aimed at studying pre-diabetic clinical changes induced by low doses of Alloxan-STZ cocktail in rabbits.
Materials and Methods: New Zealand White rabbits, 1-1.5 kg body weight, were administered alloxan (@50 mg/kg b.w.) and STZ (@35mg/kg b.w.) cocktail, as single intravenous dose. Blood glucose levels were monitored (0 h, 20 min, 1 h, and then hourly up to 9 h) and clinical signs noted. Rabbits surviving up to 9 hours were given glucose therapy.
Results: The cocktail caused immediate transient hypoglycaemia, followed by hyperglycaemia, and then progressively severe hypoglycaemia. Hypoglycaemia caused characteristic behavioural alterations from lethargy, through aesthesia, muscular weakness to recumbency. Severely affected rabbits revealed intermittent convulsions and died in coma.
Conclusion: Low dose Alloxan-STZ cocktail induced triphasic immediate response in rabbits. The behavioural changes reflected glycaemic status serving as a guide for institution of glucose therapy.

 
Keyword(s): ALLOXAN, STREPTOZOTOCIN PREDIABETIC STATE, RABBIT
 
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