Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE   APRIL 2014 , Volume 5 , Number 2; Page(s) 106 To 108.
 
Paper:  ACUTE INHALATION EXPOSURE TO TITANIUM ETHANOLATE AS A POSSIBLE CAUSE OF METAL FUME FEVER; CASE REPORT
 
Author(s):  AHMADIMANESH M., SHADNIA S., GHAZI KHANSARI M.*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACOLOGY, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Occupational inhalation exposure to noxious agents is not uncommon. Herein, we present a 26-year-old male student who had accidental acute inhalation exposure to a large quantity of titanium ethanolate and hydrogen chloride in chemistry lab. He was referred to the emergency department of our hospital with low-grade fever, dyspnea, headache, fatigue and myalgia. After 24 hrs of symptomatic treatment (oxygen therapy and acetaminophen), the fever was subsided and the patient discharged home in a good clinical condition. The presented symptoms could be interpreted as a form of metal fume fever. It can therefore be concluded that organo-metallic compound of titanium metal may have the potential to produce metal fume fever in human.

 
Keyword(s): TITANIUM, METALS, FEVER, INHALATION EXPOSURE, HYDROCHLORIC ACID, GAS POISONING, POISONING
 
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