Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE   2014 , Volume 5 , Number 4; Page(s) 478 To 488.
 
Paper: 

EFFECT OF BROWN RICE CONSUMPTION ON INFLAMMATORY MARKER AND CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS AMONG OVERWEIGHT AND OBESE NON-MENOPAUSAL FEMALE ADULTS

 
 
Author(s):  KAZEMZADEH MAHDIEH, SAFAVI SAYYED MORTEZA*, NEMATOLLAHI SHAHRZAD, NOURIEH ZEINAB
 
* DEPARTMENT OF NUTRITION, FOOD SECURITY RESEARCH CENTER, SCHOOL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND NUTRITION, ISFAHAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ISFAHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Brown rice (BR) is unpolished rice with various beneficial compounds such as vitamins, magnesium and other minerals, dietary fiber, essential fatty acids, g-oryzanol and g-aminobutyric acid. In the present study, we compared the effects of white rice (WR) and BR on inflammatory marker high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and cardiovascular risk factors among non-menopausal overweight or obese female.
Methods: In a randomized cross-over clinical trial, 40 overweight or obese (body mass index (BMI)
>25) women were randomly allocated to group 1 (n=20): Treatment with BR diet and group 2 (n=20): Treatment with WR diet for 6 weeks (first intervention period). Two participants in group 2 dropped out during this period. After a 2-week washout period, individuals were switched to the alternate diet for an additional 6 weeks (second intervention period) and three subjects in group 2 did not follow this period and eliminated, finally this study was completed with 35 subjects (group 1=20 and group 2=15). Each one was instructed to consume 150 g cooked WR or BR daily in each intervention period. Cardiovascular risk factors including BMI, waist and hip circumference, blood pressure, serum lipid profiles, fasting blood glucose (FBG) and hs-CRP as an inflammatory marker, were measured 4 times (in study week 0, 6, 8, 14).
Results: BR diet in comparison with WR diet could significantly reduce weight, waist and hip circumference, BMI, Diastole blood pressure and hs-CRP. No significant differences between the two diets were found regarding lipid profiles and FBG.
Conclusions: The present results suggest that BR replacement in the diet may be useful to decrease inflammatory marker level and several cardiovascular risk factors among non-menopausal overweight or obese female.

 
Keyword(s): BROWN RICE, FEMALE, INFLAMMATION, OBESE, OVERWEIGHT, WHITE RICE
 
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