Paper Information

Journal:   MYTHO-MYSTIC LITERATURE JOURNAL (PERSIAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE JOURNAL)   SUMMER 2014 , Volume 10 , Number 35; Page(s) 63 To 89.
 
Paper: 

MANIFESTATIONS OF ANIMUS ARCHETYPE IN PERSIAN LITERATURE

 
 
Author(s):  POURALKHAS SHOKROLLAH*, ESHGHI JAFAR
 
* MOHAGHEGH ARABILI UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

From the biological point of view, all human beings possess both male and female traits. Yet, it is the social norms that define gender differences, emphasizing femininity and masculinity. As a result, every individual strengthens the characteristics of their normal gender whereas the aspects of the other gender lose prominence and fade away. However, anima, i.e. the feminine inner personality, and animus, i.e. the masculine inner personality, tend to appear in dreams, imaginations, myths, literature and the like. In the present article, two manifestations of animus, i.e. 'the beloved man (the ideal man)' and 'the inner companion' in Persian literature and culture are studied. Using an analytic and descriptive method, it will be shown that one of the manifestations of animus in the unconscious of Iranian woman is rooted in a prototype; it most probably is Mithra.

 
Keyword(s): ARCHETYPE, ANIMUS, THE BELOVED, THE INNER COMPANION, MITHRA
 
References: 
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