Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE   APRIL 2014 , Volume 5 , Number 2; Page(s) 78 To 83.
 
Paper: 

PSYCHOMOTOR EFFECTS OF MIXED ORGANIC SOLVENTS ON RUBBER WORKERS

 
 
Author(s):  AMINIAN O., HASHEMI S.*, SADEGHNIIAT HAGHIGHI K., SHARIATZADEH A., NASERI ESFAHANI A.H.
 
* CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Exposure to organic solvents is common among workers.
Objective: To assess neurobehavioral effects of long-term exposure to organic solvents among rubber workers in Tehran, Iran.
Methods: Across-sectional study was conducted on 223 employees of a rubber industry. The participants completed a data collection sheet on their occupational and medical history, and demographic characteristics including age, work experience, education level; they performed 6 psychiatric tests on the neurobehavioral core test battery (NCTB) that measure simple reaction time, short-term memory (digit span, Benton), eye-hand coordination (Purdue pegboard, pursuit aiming), and perceptual speed (digit symbol).
Results: Workers exposed and not exposed to organic solvents had similar age and education distribution. The mean work experience of the exposed and non-exposed workers was 5.9 and 4.4 years, respectively. The exposed workers had a lower performance compared to non-exposed workers in all psychomotor tests. After controlling for the confounders by logistic regression analysis, it was found that exposure to organic solvents had a significant effect on the results of digit symbols, digit span, Benton, aiming, and simple reaction time tests. No significant effect was observed in pegboard test.
Conclusion: Occupational exposure to organic solvent can induce subtle neurobehavioral changes among workers exposed to organic solvents; therefore, periodical evaluation of the central nervous system by objective psychomotor tests is recommended among those who are chronically exposed to organic solvents.

 
Keyword(s): BENZENE, TOLUENE, GASOLINE, OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE, RUBBER, NEUROPSYCHOLOGY
 
References: 
  • ندارد
 
  pdf-File tarjomyar Yearly Visit 57
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog