Paper Information

Journal:   JUNDISHAPUR JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY (JJM)   JUNE 2014 , Volume 7 , Number 6; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper:  TOXOPLASMA GONDII IN CATTLE, CAMELS AND SHEEP IN ISFAHAN AND CHAHARMAHAL VA BAKHTIARY PROVINCES, IRAN
 
Author(s):  KHAMESIPOUR FAHAM*, DOOSTI ABBAS, IRANPOUR MOBARAKEH HAMID, KOMBA ERICK V.G.
 
* YOUNG RESEARCHERS AND ELITE CLUB, SHAHREKORD BRANCH, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, SHAHREKORD, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic parasite, which is assumed to have cosmopolitan distribution.
Objectives: Adopting a cross-sectional study design the current research aimed to determine the occurrence of the parasite in cattle, camels and sheep in Isfahan and Chaharmahal va Bakhtiary provinces of Iran.
Materials and Methods: Animals in the field and those brought for slaughter at abattoirs were included. Blood samples were randomly collected from animals and investigated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
Results: T. gondii infections were detected in 0.00%, 6.60% and 17.9% of the sample cattle (n=155), camels (n=122) and sheep (n=95) respectively. Sheep were more frequently affected in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiary (33.33%) compared to Isfahan (8.47%) (P=0.005, 95%; CI=6.88-43.35). No statistically significant difference was observed in infection prevalence between camels and sheep; and between the different sex categories in both camels and sheep.
Conclusions: Evidence of T. gondii occurrence in sheep and camels was provided in the provinces under study. There is a need to investigate the potential risk factors of zoonotic infections. Furthermore, animal health and production losses caused by the parasite; and associated zoonotic implications in the area under study need to be explored.

 
Keyword(s): BLOOD, POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION, RUMINANTS, TOXOPLASMA, IRAN
 
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