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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE   2014 , Volume 5 , Number 3; Page(s) 256 To 261.
 
Paper: 

ASSOCIATION OF OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY WITH MENTAL DISTRESS IN IRANIAN ADOLESCENTS: THE CASPIAN-III STUDY

 
 
Author(s):  JARI MOHSEN, QORBANI MOSTAFA, MOTLAGH MOHAMMAD ESMAEIL, HESHMAT RAMIN, ARDALAN GELAYOL, KELISHADI ROYA*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRICS, CHILD GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH CENTER, ISFAHAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ISFAHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Excess weight may be associated with mental distress and this relationship varies according to the socio-cultural background of different populations. This study aims to assess the relationship of overweight and obesity with some psychological disorders in a nationally representative sample of Iranian adolescents.
Methods: This nationwide study was conducted in 2009-2010 among 5570 students, aged 10-18 years, living in 27 provinces in Iran. Data were collected by using the translated and validated questionnaire of the World Health Organization Global School-based Health Survey.
Results: Data of 5528 students (49.7% girls) were complete for this study. Their mean age was 14.7 (2.4) years. Overall 7.9% of participants were overweight and 8.8% were obese. 58.7% of students had anxiety, without significant association of overweight (odds ratio: 0.86, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.68-1.09) and obesity (OR: 1.11, 95% CI: 0.88-1.40) with an anxiety. Nearly 62.6% of students reported to have depression, there was no significant relationship between overweight (OR: 1.11, 95% CI: 0.86-1.43) obesity and (OR: 1.01, 95% CI: 0.79-1.29) with the depression. About 49.4% of students had insomnia, without significant association of overweight (OR: 1.17, 95% CI: 0.91-1.51) and obesity (OR: 0.91, 95% CI: 0.71-1.17) with the insomnia.
Conclusions: In Iranian adolescents, excess weight did not increase the risk of psychological distress. This finding might be due to the positive attitude of family and peers to fatness in adolescence.

 
Keyword(s): ADOLESCENTS, ANXIETY, DEPRESSION, IRAN, OBESITY, PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS
 
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