Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE   2014 , Volume 5 , Number 8; Page(s) 960 To 968.
 
Paper: 

CHILDREN WITH OBESITY PRIORITIZE SOCIAL SUPPORT AGAINST STIGMA: A QUALITATIVE STUDY FOR DEVELOPMENT OF AN OBESITY PREVENTION INTERVENTION

 
 
Author(s):  AMINI MARYAM, DJAZAYERY ABOLGHASSEM*, MAJDZADEH REZA, TAGHDISI MOHAMMAD HOSSEIN, SADRZADEH YEGANEH HALEH, ESLAMI AMIRABADI MARYAM
 
* DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY NUTRITION, SCHOOL OF NUTRITIONAL SCIENCES AND DIETETICS, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Childhood obesity is a world-wide health problem and development of interventions to prevent or control it is a priority. Obesity is prevalent and on the increase among school-students in Iran, too. As the first step for development of an intervention, the current study was designed to complete our understanding of ideas, attitudes, beliefs, and preferences of primary school children in Tehran, Iran.
Methods: Twenty-seven primary school-students (11 boys, 16 girls) in grade-five, most of whom were overweight or obese, participated in four focus-group discussions (FGDs). All FGD notes were analyzed to find the main themes.
Results: Nine themes in three main categories emerged after analysis. The themes in the category of barriers of losing weight included environmental, psychological and physiological barriers. Category of intervention components included nutrition improvement, physical activity promotion, social support and education. Setting and deliverer of the intervention were included in the intervention conditions category. The children proposed a multi-component approach for development of an intervention. They mentioned nutrition and physical activity improvement, social support and education as the main elements of an effective intervention.
Conclusions: The findings indicate that obese children need to be supported against different barriers of losing weight, mainly social barriers, especially humiliation by the community.

 
Keyword(s): CHILD, OBESITY, QUALITATIVE RESEARCH, SOCIAL SUPPORT
 
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