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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE   2014 , Volume 5 , Number 8; Page(s) 976 To 983.
 
Paper: 

BEHAVIORS INFLUENCING HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TRANSMISSION IN THE CONTEXT OF POSITIVE PREVENTION AMONG PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME IN IRAN: A QUALITATIVE STUDY

 
 
Author(s):  RADFAR SEYED RAMIN*, SEDAGHAT ABBAS, TEHRANI BANIHASHEMI ARASH, GOUYA MOHAMMADMEHDI, RAWSON RICHARD A.
 
* UCLA INTEGRATED SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, 11075 SANTA MONICA BLVD., SUITE 200, LOS ANGELES, CA 90025, USA
 
Abstract: 

Background: Identifying factors, which influence health behaviors is critical to designing appropriate and effective preventive programs. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission is highly related to people behaviors and understanding factors influencing healthy behaviors among Iranian people living with HIVs (PLHIVs) /acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is very important to tailor an effective response to HIV/AIDS epidemic.
Methods: This study was conducted as a qualitative study by methods of focus group discussion and in-depth interview in six provinces of Iran with 64 PLHIVs to determine factors influence engagement in positive prevention.
Results: Knowledge and education, feelings of responsibility and positive prevention practices were identified as the primary domains of engagement. These domains were found to be influenced by feelings of ostracism and frustration, poverty, barriers to disclosure of HIV status, access to and utilization of drug abuse treatment services and antiretroviral therapy, adherence to treatment, age, religiousness, sex work, singleness, and incarceration.
Conclusions: Designing new interventions and updating current interventions directed toward the aforementioned factors should be addressed by responsible Iranian authorities in order to have a national effective response on the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

 
Keyword(s): ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME, HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS, IRAN, PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIVS, POSITIVE PREVENTION
 
 
References: 
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Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

RADFAR, S., & SEDAGHAT, A., & TEHRANI BANIHASHEMI, A., & GOUYA, M., & RAWSON, R. (2014). BEHAVIORS INFLUENCING HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TRANSMISSION IN THE CONTEXT OF POSITIVE PREVENTION AMONG PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME IN IRAN: A QUALITATIVE STUDY. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, 5(8), 976-983. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=408244



Vancouver: Copy

RADFAR SEYED RAMIN, SEDAGHAT ABBAS, TEHRANI BANIHASHEMI ARASH, GOUYA MOHAMMADMEHDI, RAWSON RICHARD A.. BEHAVIORS INFLUENCING HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TRANSMISSION IN THE CONTEXT OF POSITIVE PREVENTION AMONG PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME IN IRAN: A QUALITATIVE STUDY. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE. 2014 [cited 2021May11];5(8):976-983. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=408244



IEEE: Copy

RADFAR, S., SEDAGHAT, A., TEHRANI BANIHASHEMI, A., GOUYA, M., RAWSON, R., 2014. BEHAVIORS INFLUENCING HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TRANSMISSION IN THE CONTEXT OF POSITIVE PREVENTION AMONG PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME IN IRAN: A QUALITATIVE STUDY. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, [online] 5(8), pp.976-983. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=408244.



 
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