Paper Information

Journal:   PERSIAN LITERATURE (BAHARESTAN SOKHAN)   WINTER 2014 , Volume 9 , Number 24; Page(s) 181 To 196.
 
Paper: 

REVERSE REASONING, A KIND OF IRONY IN HAFEZ POETRY

 
 
Author(s):  BAMEDADI BEHRUZ*
 
* FARHANGIAN (EDUCATORS) UNIVERSITY TABRIZ
 
Abstract: 

One of the most effective ways of satisfying the abnegating addressee is reasoning. To express the message or prove a matter, one must bring reasons. There is no need, of course, to say that the reason should be so strong and decisive that can establish it to the others and if needed to apologize by its help. Then, reasoning is a strict expression to prove a subject. Now, if someone brings a reason for something that doesn’t have firmness or doesn’t materialize anything, it creates a kind of irony and if the speaker is a social critic, the reader’s mind immediately goes toward the social satisfactory reason and intentionally uses a weak and sometimes an opposite reasoning. There is no doubt that whenever the reader who expects exquisite points from Hafez, he encounters weak reasoning in his poetry and understands that Hafez intended to criticize the hypocrite and false ascetics. I call this art of Hafez, as my master Dr. Shamisa called it “the reverse reasoning”. My aim is to introduce one of Hafez’s excellent points; be it accepted by Hafez’s adorers.

 
Keyword(s): OPPOSITE REASON, CONTRADICTION, REVERSE REASONING, IRONY
 
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