Paper Information

Journal:   PERSIAN LITERATURE (BAHARESTAN SOKHAN)   WINTER 2014 , Volume 9 , Number 24; Page(s) 135 To 160.
 
Paper: 

THE POSITION OF THE MASSES OF PEOPLE IN THE POLITICAL EVENTS FROM AREF GHAZWINI AND EBRAHIM TOGHAN’S POINT OF VIEW

 
 
Author(s):  FOUZI NAHEDE, ELAHI FOROUGH
 
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Abstract: 

In constitution era of Iran and beginning of resistance in Palestine, the people’s stance and role in the political events were so impressive that affected literature, especially poetry; so that poetry was merely changed into an instrument for talking to ordinary people. Aref Ghazwini and Ebrahim Toghan were of two poets of literature for the Iranian and Palestine resistance and this phenomenon is extensively and obviously seen in their poems, and in fact these two were committed and obliged poets who by political intentions and intervening in the country’s affairs and opposing and criticizing of the leaders and officials of the country indirectly criticized the problems of the time. Therefore, the focus of these two poets on the society and mass of people, as the most influential matter, have been surveyed here. The different utilization of these two poets with expression tools to communicate with people and make them aware of the problems were their prime interest. Aref’s sarcastic language was sometimes mixed with obscene and vulgar words; while Toghan, despite having biting, domineering words, keeps his eloquency and dignity of his speech. They always argued that the cause of the destruction of the country was in relation with people’s ignorance and lack of political view. Therefore they sometimes alluded to the previous glory of the people and used religious phenomena to arouse patriotism in the masses of people and in this way they took advantage of any art and innovation they had within their reach.

 
Keyword(s): AREF GHAZWINI, EBRAHIM TOGHAN, MASSES OF PEOPLE, POLITICAL EVENTS
 
References: 
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