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Paper Information

Journal:   LANGUAGE RELATED RESEARCH (COMPARATIVE LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE RESEARCH)   JANUARY-FEBRUARY-MARCH 2015 , Volume 5 , Number 5 (21); Page(s) 43 To 63.
 
Paper: 

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE STATUS AND USE OF PERSIAN AND KURDISH BILINGUALS IN SHIRVANI CHERDAVEL

 
 
Author(s):  AHMADKHANI MOHAMMAD REZA*, NAJAFIYAN AREZOO, KAMARI MOHAMMAD REZA
 
* LINGUISTICS DEPARTMENT, PAYAME NOOR UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

One of the most controversial topics, which has attracted many researches and scholars in the recent decades is bilingualism. The aim of this research is studying the use of Persian and Kurdish in the formal and informal situations in Cherdavel Shirvan. To achieve this, 394 testee were selected randomly from Cherdavel Shirvan. The testees were selected according to the age group (children under 11, adolescent 12-16, youth 17-29, middle age 30-50,and old above 51),education level (illiterate, primary, guidance school, high school, Diploma, associate diploma, bachelor, master, PhD), and gender (male and female). In this research, Parasher questionnaire has been used. The testees were required to determine the Kurdish and Persian on the basis of multiple choices "always", "often", "sometimes" and "never". The questionnaire contained and 36 questions, which are ordered according to the formality of fields (family, friendship, neighborhood, educational and official interaction) from informal to formal. After collecting the questionnaires, the data were processed by the software. Statistical methods such as X2, Kendall, pair T-test, and unilateral variance were used to analyze the data. The findings showed that using Persian and Kurdish by different age, education and gender groups is statistically significant.

 
Keyword(s): BILINGUALISM, PERSIAN, KURDISH, CHERDAVEL SHIRVAN, AGE, GENDER
 
References: 
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