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Paper Information

Journal:   SCIENTIA IRANICA   2014 , Volume 21 , Number 3 (TRANSACTIONS A: CIVIL ENGINEERING); Page(s) 457 To 468.
 
Paper: 

EFFECT OF OPENINGS ON LATERAL STINESS AND STRENGTH OF CON NED MASONRY WALLS

 
 
Author(s):  ESHGHI S.*, SARRAFI B.
 
* INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND SEISMOLOGY (IIEES), 26, ARGHAVAN ST., NORTH DIBAJI, FARMANIEH, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Con ned masonry construction is made up of masonry walls and con ning ties, which are built on all four sides of each wall. This system is a conventional form of house construction, as well as a good alternative for post-disaster reconstruction of seismically damaged and/or collapsed buildings in many countries. Window and door openings appear in many panels of con ned masonry buildings, but many codes do not consider the eect of these openings in the strength and stiness of con ned masonry panels. In this study, the inuence of masonry panel openings on the stiness and strength of con ned masonry walls is investigated. A nite element program, DIANA, is used for the nite element modeling of fully grouted con ned masonry walls, walls with un lled head joints, two-story walls, walls with a lintel band and walls with added vertical ties on the opening sides. All specimens have openings and are constructed according to the Iranian seismic code (Standard No.2800-05). Models are validated by the results of the tests performed on two fully grouted one-story one-bay con ned masonry walls, and a two-story one-bay con ned masonry wall, constructed in Iran. Simple equations are proposed that predict the eect of central openings on the stiness of dierent types of con ned masonry wall and the cracking strength of fully grouted walls with openings.

 
Keyword(s): CON NED MASONRY, CENTRAL OPENING, LATERAL STINESS, CRACKING STRENGTH, SEISMIC DESIGN, REINFORCED CONCRETE TIES
 
 
References: 
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Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

ESHGHI, S., & SARRAFI, B. (2014). EFFECT OF OPENINGS ON LATERAL STINESS AND STRENGTH OF CON NED MASONRY WALLS. SCIENTIA IRANICA, 21(3 (TRANSACTIONS A: CIVIL ENGINEERING)), 457-468. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=406723



Vancouver: Copy

ESHGHI S., SARRAFI B.. EFFECT OF OPENINGS ON LATERAL STINESS AND STRENGTH OF CON NED MASONRY WALLS. SCIENTIA IRANICA. 2014 [cited 2021May12];21(3 (TRANSACTIONS A: CIVIL ENGINEERING)):457-468. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=406723



IEEE: Copy

ESHGHI, S., SARRAFI, B., 2014. EFFECT OF OPENINGS ON LATERAL STINESS AND STRENGTH OF CON NED MASONRY WALLS. SCIENTIA IRANICA, [online] 21(3 (TRANSACTIONS A: CIVIL ENGINEERING)), pp.457-468. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=406723.



 
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