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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FERTILITY AND STERILITY   SUMMER 2013 , Volume 7 , Number SUPPLEMENT 1; Page(s) 107 To 108.
 
Paper: 

ROLE OF CHEMOKINES IN THE PATHOGENESIS OF INFERTILITY RELATED TO ENOMETRIOSIS

 
 
Author(s):  HOSSEINI S.*
 
* BASIC SCIENCE/COLLEGE OF MIDWIFERY AND NURSING, COLLEGE OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, SHAHID BEHESHTI MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Chemokines, proteins that operate within the body's immune system, play numerous roles in menstruation, bacterial infection, implantation of embryos, and the maintenance of early pregnancy. They are also strongly related to the pathogenesis of endometriosis.
Materials and Methods: This is review article that were indentifical by computer search of MEDLINE (1984-2013).
Results: Several chemokines including interleukin (IL) -8, growth-related oncogene (GRO) alpha, regulated on activation, normal T expressed and secreted (RANTES), and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP) -1 are reported to be elevated in the peritoneal fluid (PF) of women with endometriosis. Chemokines IL-8 and GRO alpha as well as epithelial cell-derived neutrophil-activating protein (ENA) -78, eotaxin, and interferon-inducible protein (IP) -10 might be involved in macrophage activation, inflammatory reaction, and adhesion of endometriotic tissues in the peritoneal cavity, and enhanced angiogenesis in the progression of endometriosis.
Conclusion: Cytokines, which are produced by many cell types in peritoneal fluid, play a diverse role in constructing the peritoneal environment that induces the development and progression of endometriosis and endometriosis-associated infertility. Intense basic research into the specific role of these cells and soluble factors may improve our understanding of endometriosis and result in novel therapies for endometriosis.

 
Keyword(s): ENDOMETRIOSIS, CHEMOKINES, PATHOGENESIS
 
References: 
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