Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF BASIC MEDICAL SCIENCES   MAY 2013 , Volume 16 , Number 5; Page(s) 689 To 693.
 
Paper: 

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SERUM LEVEL OF VASCULAR CELL ADHESION MOLECULE-1 (SVCAM-1), INTERCELLULAR ADHESION MOLECULE-1(ICAM-1) AND HIGH SENSITIVE C - REACTIVE PROTEIN (HS-CRP) IN NORMAL AND PRE-ECLAMPTIC PREGNANCIES

 
 
Author(s):  FARZADNIA MEHDI, AYATOLLAHI HOSSEIN*, HASAN ZADE MALIHEH, RAHIMI HAMID REZA
 
* CANCER MOLECULAR PATHOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, MASHHAD, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Objective(s): Pre-eclampsia is characterized by hypertension, dyslipidemia, and increased systemic inflammatory response and has been associated with an increased maternal risk of cardiovascular disease later in life. Endothelial dysfunction is thought to be a central pathogenic feature in preeclampsia on the basis of elevated adhesion molecules. The aim of this study was to determine the level of plasma serum level of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1), high sensitive C- reactive protein (hs-CRP) in pre-eclampsia and to compare hs-CRP levels between normal pregnant women, mild and severe pre-eclampsia.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the plasma concentrations of sVCAM-1, ICAM-1 and hs-CRP in peripheral blood obtained from normal pregnant women (n=40), mild pre-eclampsia (n=37) and severe pre-eclampsia (n=38). Concentrations of soluble adhesion molecule was determined with enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
Results: There were significant difference in the means serum hs-CRP between normal pregnant women and mild pre-eclamptic women (P<0.05). Serum concentration of hs-CRP, sVCAM-1(ng.ml) and sICAM-1(ng.ml) were significantly higher in severe pre-eclampsia (P<0.05) than normal pregnancy. There were also significant differences in hs-CRP, s ICAM- 1 and in sVCAM- 1 levels between mild and severe pre-eclampsia (P<0.05). There was no difference in the mean plasma log sVCAM-1, sICAM-1 between normal pregnant women and mild pre-eclamptic women.
Conclusion: We have determined the serum concentration of soluble adhesion molecule ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and hsCRP in normal pregnancy and pre-eclampsia. Adhesion molecule is elevated in severe pre-eclampsia compared with normal pregnancy, hsCRP are elevated in severe preeclampsia compared with mild preeclampsia and normal pregnancy and may be useful in predicting the severity of pre-eclampsia.

 
Keyword(s): ADHESION MOLECULE-1, (SVCAM-1), HIGH SENSITIVE C-REACTIVE, PROTEIN (HS-CRP), INTERCELLULAR ADHESION, MOLECULE-1(ICAM-1), PRE-ECLAMPSIA, SOLUBLE VASCULAR CELL
 
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