Paper Information

Journal:   WATER ENGINEERING   SUMMER 2013 , Volume 6 , Number 17; Page(s) 53 To 62.
 
Paper: 

ENERGY DISSIPATION ON STEPPED SPILLWAYS WITH REVERSE INCLINATION

 
 
Author(s):  TORABI S.M.R., ROOSTAMI RAVARI A., TORABI S.A.R., BOOSTANI F., ROUSHAN A.
 
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Abstract: 

Stepped spillways are an accessory of reservoirs and water conveyance system, which dissipate flow energy and reduce the size and costs of stilling basins (SBs). As the reverse inclination of each step helps form a small SB, therefore, energy dissipation becomes more efficient. In this study, using a Plexiglas spillway (height: 72 em), which was installed in an experimental flume (width: 50 em), various arrangements of numbers and inclination steps of spillway were investigated installing 12 set-ups. The first experiment was conducted on the weir itself without any steps; another set-up was with one step without inclination and one step with reverse inclination. This procedure was continued asymmetrically with the array of 8 steps. As expected to efficiently dissipate the energy, more steps are required as the flow increases. It was observed that one inclined plus two horizontal steps provide the best energy dissipater array. Furthermore, it was revealed that there was a limit to increase the number of steps and their inclination in energy dissipation, i.e., efficiency may not be enhanced by increasing the number of inclined steps.

 
Keyword(s): STEPPED SPILLWAY, REVERSE INCLINATION, ENERGY DISSIPATION, PHYSICAL MODEL
 
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