Paper Information

Journal:   BULLETIN OF EMERGENCY AND TRAUMA BEAT   2013 , Volume 1 , Number 4; Page(s) 182 To 185.
 
Paper: 

ASYMPTOMATIC TUBERCULOSIS-INDUCED ILEAL PERFORATION IN AN HIV- INFECTED INDIVIDUAL; A CASE REPORT

 
 
Author(s):  TAHMASEBI SEDIGHEH, MOSLEMI SAM, TAHAMTAN MARYAM*, TAHERI LOHRASB, DAVARPANAH MOHAMMAD ALI
 
* DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL SURGERY, FAGHIHI HOSPITAL, SHIRAZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, SHIRAZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

The co-existence of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and tuberculosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality because of a widespread organ involvement. The gastrointestinal tract is a common site for localization of opportunistic microorganisms in AIDS. However, surgical abdominal emergencies such as intestinal perforation resulted from tuberculosis are uncommon in these patients. The asymptomatic occurrence of such intestinal perforation has not been reported our knowledge. We represent an HIV and HCV co-infected man with miliary tuberculosis and an incidentally detected free air under diaphragm in the chest X-ray eventually resulting in exploratory laparotomy which then revealed two tubercular-induced intestinal perforations. It seems that as the tuberculosis is increasing in incidence, mostly due to reactivation in HIV-infected patients especially in developing countries, we should not underestimate its acute abdominal emergencies such as bowel perforation.

 
Keyword(s): TUBERCULOSIS, INTESTINAL PERFORATION, HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV), ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS)
 
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