Paper Information

Journal:   BULLETIN OF EMERGENCY AND TRAUMA BEAT   2013 , Volume 1 , Number 4; Page(s) 179 To 181.
 
Paper: 

SPLENIC EPIDERMOID CYST DURING PREGNANCY; CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE

 
 
Author(s):  FOROUZESH MAJID, GHANBARZADEGAN LALEH, RAHIMI MASOUMEH, GHAHRAMANI LEILA*
 
* COLORECTAL RESEARCH CENTER, SHIRAZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, SHIRAZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Cystic disease of the spleen is not frequently encountered in surgical practice. It is broadly classified as parasitic and non-parasitic, the latter being a rare entity. In this case report, an epidermoid cyst of spleen led to acute abdomen in young age pregnant woman is presented. A 26-year-old woman with 15 weeks gestational age second pregnancy referred to emergency ward with left upper quadrant pain and tenderness that ultra sonography revealed large cyst (100´110mm) with internal echo in spleen in favor of hydatic cyst or abscess. The patient was managed medically for one week but developed her abdominal pain, epigastric fullness, anorexia and fever. New sonography was done for her and large cyst was detected in spleen (120´110mm). She had severe pain accompanied with anorexia and vomiting. Fetus was normal in sonography. Exploratory laprotomy with splenectomy was performed. Splenomegaly (200´130´90mm) with a cyst without any adhesion and inflammation was detected. Histopathology examination showed epidermoid cyst of spleen. (140´10´90mm). Though splenic epidermoid cyst is an uncommon entity, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of an abdominal mass in a young individual. An attempt should be made to preserve the spleen provided there is adequate parenchyma otherwise splenectomy is the rule.

 
Keyword(s): SPLENIC EPIDERMOID CYST, PREGNANCY
 
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