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Paper Information

Journal:   GOVARESH JOURNAL   SPRING 2014 , Volume 19 , Number 1; Page(s) 57 To 62.
 
Paper: 

PREVALENCE OF HELICOBACTER PYLORI INFECTION IN ARAK, IRAN DURING 2011

 
 
Author(s):  FANI ALI*, REZAEI MOHAMMAD, ALIZADE BEHRUZ, MIRZAJANI PARISA, SHAMSIKHANI SOHEILA, RAFEIE MOHAMMAD, MALEKIRAD ALI AKBAR, BAGHI NEJAD SAEED
 
* ARAK UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ARAK, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a global pathogen with a widely varied prevalence (30%-80%) among different countries and populations. This study aims to determine the prevalence ofH. pylori in the population of Arak, Iran.
Materials and Methods: This was an epidemiologic cross-sectional population-based study with multistage sampling. The population of Arak according to the 2006 census was 615,722 (493,845 urban and 121,857 rural residents). In this survey, five urban and four rural Health Service Centers were randomly selected. The study population was divided between these centers based on the population of individuals covered by these centers. Subsequently, clustered samples were randomly chosen according to Health Care Unit Family Codes and the Right Hand Rule. After obtaining informed consent and completion of a demographic questionnaire, 5 cc of venous blood was taken from each participant for theH. pylori IgG antibody test. In this study IgG antibody against H. pylori was measured by ELISA.
Results: Of 1187 participants, 1150 (853 urban and 297 rural) completed the study. Overall, 673 (58.5%) were positive for H.
pylori. The prevalence of H. pylori infection increased with age from 43.9% among those<20 years old to>70% in participants over 50 years old (p=0.002). A total of 57% urban samples and 63.3% rural samples were H. pylori positive (p=0.028). There was no relationship between H. pylori infection and education level (p=0.37), career (p=0.39) and income, (p=0.29) in either the urban or rural areas [p=0.64 (education level), 0.48 (career), and 0.57 (income)].
Conclusion: Our study showed a lower prevalence ofH. pylori compared to some Asian countries, however this prevalence was more common than Western countries. Using disinfected tap water in both urban and rural areas in addition to improved access to general health care might have a role in this relative lower prevalence.

 
Keyword(s): PREVALENCE, HELICOBACTER PYLORI, INFECTION, ELISA, ARAK, IRAN
 
 
References: 
 
Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

FANI, A., & REZAEI, M., & ALIZADE, B., & MIRZAJANI, P., & SHAMSIKHANI, S., & RAFEIE, M., & MALEKIRAD, A., & BAGHI NEJAD, S. (2014). PREVALENCE OF HELICOBACTER PYLORI INFECTION IN ARAK, IRAN DURING 2011. GOVARESH JOURNAL, 19(1), 57-62. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=403975



Vancouver: Copy

FANI ALI, REZAEI MOHAMMAD, ALIZADE BEHRUZ, MIRZAJANI PARISA, SHAMSIKHANI SOHEILA, RAFEIE MOHAMMAD, MALEKIRAD ALI AKBAR, BAGHI NEJAD SAEED. PREVALENCE OF HELICOBACTER PYLORI INFECTION IN ARAK, IRAN DURING 2011. GOVARESH JOURNAL. 2014 [cited 2021May15];19(1):57-62. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=403975



IEEE: Copy

FANI, A., REZAEI, M., ALIZADE, B., MIRZAJANI, P., SHAMSIKHANI, S., RAFEIE, M., MALEKIRAD, A., BAGHI NEJAD, S., 2014. PREVALENCE OF HELICOBACTER PYLORI INFECTION IN ARAK, IRAN DURING 2011. GOVARESH JOURNAL, [online] 19(1), pp.57-62. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=403975.



 
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