Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF DENTISTRY (SHIRAZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES)   SEPTEMBER 2014 , Volume 15 , Number 3; Page(s) 112 To 116.
 
Paper: 

HERPES ZOSTER INDUCED OSTEOMYELITIS IN THE IMMUNOCOMPROMISED PATIENTS: A 10-YEAR MULTICENTER STUDY

 
 
Author(s):  TABRIZI REZA*, DEHGHANI NAZHVANI ALI, VAHEDI AMIR, GHOLAMI MEHDI, ZARE RAZIYEH, ETEMADI PARSA RAHA
 
* CMF WARD, CHAMRAN HOSPITAL, CHAMRAN AVENUE, SHIRAZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Statement of the Problem: Alveolar bone necrosis induced by Herpes zoster infection is considered as a rare manifestation of osteomyelitis and few case reports are presented in the literature.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate mandibular osteomyelitis caused by herpes zoster in the immunocompromised patients with histopathologically documented osteomyelitis in the mandible and herpes zoster infection.
Materials and Method: 30 patients were recruited in this cross-sectional study. 19 patients were completely edentulous, 4 patients were partially edentulous and 7 with complete dentition. In all cases, specimens were analyzed using a conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for varicella zoster virus.
Results: 16 patients underwent dialysis, 9 patients received chemotherapy treatments and 5 patients had transplantation (four kidneys and one liver). Histopathological assessment demonstrated a nonspecific bone necrosis exhibiting an eosinophilic, homogeneous non-vital bone tissue with peripheral resorption surrounded by reactive connective tissue. PCR test was positive in 21 cases.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the frequency of osteomyelitis induced by herpes zoster could be more than the records provided by previous studies. Histopathological findings might be nonspecific in such patients. PCR test was not positive for all HZ induced osteomyelitis patients.

 
Keyword(s): ZONA, OSTEOMYELITIS, MANDIBLE, HERPES ZOSTER
 
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