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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM (IJEM)   AUGUST-SEPTEMBER 2014 , Volume 16 , Number 3; Page(s) 183 To 189.
 
Paper: 

PREVALENCE OF OBESITY, ABDOMINAL OBESITY AND HYPERTENSION IN 10-13 YEARS OLD CHILDREN OF GOVERNMENTAL AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL ELEMENTARY SCHOOL IN SOME REGIONS OF TEHRAN IN 1390 YEAR

 
 
Author(s):  SHIDFAR F., ABEDI TALEB E., NASIRINEZHAD F., KEYVANI H., REZAI HEMAMI M., ZARRATI M.*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF NUTRITION, FACULTY OF HEALTH, IRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES TEHRAN, I.R. IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Obesity and hypertension disorders affect whole body and are associated with most diseases, including diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Children with obesity and high blood pressure are prone to adulthood health problems. Yet most parents are unaware of their child obesity and high blood pressure.
Materials and Methods: This 2011 study, included 1184 boys and girls aged 10-13 years old from five districts of Tehran. Overweight and obesity were diagnosed by the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) criteria. Also, systolic or diastolic blood pressure
³95 for age, height and gender were considered as hypertensive. Waist circumference according to the standard Iranian cut off for children was assessed on the basis of age, gender. Waist circumference > 90 percentile was considered as abdominal obesity. Results: Prevalences of overweight, obesity, hypertension and abdominal obesity were 21.92, 5.28, 13.16 and 25.31% respectively. The highest prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity reported in District 3, which is north of Tehran and the lowest was related to boys from region 19 of southern Tehran. Conclusions: Economic conditions can affect obesity and hypertension disorders and more attention must be paid to obesity and hypertension in particular, to creat awarences in parents for changes in lifestyle, nutrition and physical activity these children.

 
Keyword(s): HYPERTENSION, OBESITY, ABDOMINAL OBESITY, ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, TEHRAN
 
References: 
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