Paper Information

Journal:   HARAKAT   Fall 2003 , Volume - , Number 17; Page(s) 137 To 145.
 
Paper: 

A STUDY ABOUT THE EFFECT OF PRESENCE OF MALE AND FEMALE SPECTATORS ON THE ‎BASKETBALL FREE THROW SHOOTING AND PULL-UP OF THE COLLEGES MALE

 
 
Author(s):  RAHMANINIA FARHAD, RAMEZANINEJAD R., SOLTANI M.
 
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Abstract: 

The purpose of the present study is a comparison between the effect of the presence of male and female spectators on the results of basketball free throw shooting and pull-up. Subjects for this research were 15 members of Gilan University basketball team with 2 years of experience in basketball. They were studying in Gilan University in ‎‎2001-2002. Spectators were 40 male and female students from Gilan University. They were randomly selected to view the athletes performance passively. The subjects performed basketball free throw shooting and pull-up in 5 separate sessions. In the first session each subject performed his tests alone, in the second session in the presence of coactors, in the third session in the presence of coactors & female spectators, in the fourth session in the presence of coactors & male spectators and in the fifth session in the presence of coactors & male and female spectators. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for data statistical analysis. Findings showed that the differences between 5 groups were significant. To determined a significant differences between 2 means Turkey-HSD test was used and the findings of the research showed that: The difference of mean of subjects performance of basketball free throw that: The difference of mean of subjects performance of basketball free throw shooting between 2 groups either in the presence of female spectators & male+ female spectators was significant (P<0.05). The means between subjects performance of pull-up skill between 2 groups either alone or in the presence of female spectators was significant 9P<0.05). So, findings of this research indicate that the presence of spectators always facilitate subjects performance of pull-up skill and spectators have different effects on the performance of basketball throw shooting‏.‏

 
Keyword(s): SOCIAL FACILITATION, SPECTATOR, COACTOR
 
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