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Paper Information

Journal:   JUNDISHAPUR SCIENTIFIC MEDICAL JOURNAL   February 2004 , Volume - , Number 39; Page(s) 32 To 38.
 
Paper: 

COMPARISON BETWEEN THE EFFECTS OF BREAST-FEEDING AND FORMULA-FEEDING ON BODY GROWTH IN 1.5 TO 4.5 MONTHS OLD INFANTS IN SHIRAZ HEALTH CENTERS IN 1377

 
 
Author(s):  MONAJEMZADEH S.M., ABD ELAHI A., ROSTAMI S., HAGHIGHIZAD H.
 
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Abstract: 

This research is a descriptive analytic study and compares the effects of breast and formula feeding on the body growth rate of infants during 1.5 to 4.5 months old referring to the Health Clinics of Shiraz.
We studied 327 infants including 220 infants (67. 3 %) who were formula-fed and 107 (32.7%) infants who were breast fed. The infants had gestational ages between 38-42 weeks at birth and were healthy without any apparent abnormality. They wore fed with breast milk or formula since birth time. They were brought to the health centers for vaccination or routine examination. A questionnaire was completed which included data on measured weight, length and head circumference. Infants were visited three times during study at 1.5, 3 and 4.5 months of age. The results showed that at birth there were no significant differences between mean weight, length and head circumference in both groups. The mean weight and length of infants in breast fed group were non-significantly higher than formula fed infants. However, the mean head circumference of the breast fed infants in 1.5, 3 and 4.5 months old infants were significantly more than formula fed infants. In conclusion, it seems that breast-feeding produces more circumference growth rate than formula feeding.

 
Keyword(s): GROWTH, NUTRITION, BREAST MILK, FORMULA
 
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