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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION   FALL 2010 , Volume 11 , Number 3 (43); Page(s) 42 To 49.
 
Paper: 

COMPARISON OF CHILD ABUSE BETWEEN NORMAL CHILDREN AND CHILDREN WITH LEARNING DISORDER

 
 
Author(s):  KESHAVARZ VALIYAN N.*, KESHAVARZI ARSHADI F.
 
* ADOLESCENTS AND PEDIATRIC PSYCHIATRIC WARD, RAAZI PSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL, AMIN-ABAD, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare child abuse between normal children and children with learning disorder, aged 7-12 in Tehran city.
Materials & Methods: This analytical and cross sectional study is a research in causative-comparative method. 120 normal children of primary school from districts 3, 7 and 15 of Tehran education and 120 children with learning disorder from three centers of primary school students with learning disorder (1, 2 and 3) were selected by multistage cluster sampling method and evaluated by Reliable Child Abuse Questionnaire. Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient, Friedman rank test and Paired T and Independent T tests.
Results: In children's view, there were significant differences in mean scores of affective abuse (P<0.001) and total score of child abuse (P=0.002) between two groups. Likewise in parents' view, there were significant differences in mean scores of affective abuse (P<0.001), physical abuse (P=0.011) and total score of child abuse (P<0.001) between two groups. Also, there were significant differences between the ideas of children and their parents about physical abuse (P=0.002), sexual abuse (P<0.001) and ignorance (P<0.001).
Conclusion: The findings reveal that there is a difference between normal children and children with learning disorder in the extent of child abuse regarding its type and in comparison with previous researches, affective abuse is more than other abuse types. So, it is necessary for mental health professionals to provide programs for training parents in future.

 
Keyword(s): CHILD ABUSE, CHILDREN WITH LEARNING DISORDER, ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, AFFECTIVE ABUSE, PHYSICAL ABUSE, SEXUAL ABUSE
 
References: 
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