Click for new scientific resources and news about Corona[COVID-19]

Paper Information

Journal:   HOUSING AND RURAL ENVIRONMENT   FALL 2012 , Volume 31 , Number 139; Page(s) 3 To 16.
 
Paper: 

A REVIEW ON PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN RECONSTRUCTION OF BAM

 
 
Author(s):  ZAFARI HOSSEIN*, DARABI HASSAN
 
* FUTURES STUDIES FACULTY OF NEW SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGIES, UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
In the very early hours of 26th December 2003, a devastating and strong earthquake with a magnitude of 6.5 on Richter scale struck Bam, one of the historical cities of Kerman province in the south of Iran. According to the official reports, more than 30, 000 people were killed and about 25,000 injured. More than 80% of buildings were also destroyed. After the disaster, Bam’s reconstruction management process confronted a lot of challenges and faced many fundamental questions. The number of human losses and related social issues, extensive destruction of the historical town, and also the lack of enough experience in reconstruction of a city or town made the reconstruction project of Bam more complicated. The essay tries to explain public participation in Bam reconstruction procedure. The research has been carried out based on descriptive- analytical method. Subsequent data has been collected from related documents of reconstruction and initial data has been gathered by field survey. Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient was used to check questionnaires accuracy. The coefficient obtained was about 0.98%. The result shows that Bam reconstruction has been carried out based on a model that emphasize on identity and resistance. This model tried to attract public participation in debris removal, housing units design and provision of construction materials. The participation in debris removal and designing was more successful than other domains. Although Bam reconstruction model prepared a suitable context for participation but it could not present a real one. Ideal participation is achievable if it is executed with capacity building and empowerment.
 
Keyword(s): PARTICIPATION, RECONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT, RECONSTRUCTION POLICY, BAM
 
References: 
  • ندارد
 
  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 66
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog