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Paper Information

Journal:   POLITICS QUARTERLY: JOURNAL OF FACULTY OF LAW AND POLITICAL SCIENCE   SPRING 2012 , Volume 42 , Number 1; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

INTERNATIONAL REGIMES OF NONPROLIFERATION AND CONTROL OF EXPORTS IN INTERNATIONAL THEORIES

 
 
Author(s):  DEHGHANI GHOLAMHOSSEIN*
 
* POLITICAL SCIENCE DEPARTMENT, UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN
 
Abstract: 

Despite being the member of the international disarmament and non-proliferation conventions i.e. Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) which include their own specific export control regimes, some developed countries established parallel export control regimes that are against their commitments under aforementioned international instruments. These ad-hoc regimes are not open to all members of international community. These regimes would have always been used as a political leverage against targeted states by imposing restrictions and sanctions against them. They restrict the transfer of dual use equipment and materials and high-technology and know-how to targeted states that negatively affect their development process.
This article examines how international relations theories can justify the establishment of international as well as ad-hoc non-proliferation regimes. We concluded that the conclusion of International non-proliferation instruments are based on liberal, neo-liberal and interdependence theories while establishing export control regimes are justified by constructivists, economic nationalists and postmodern theories.

 
Keyword(s): NATIONAL POWER, NATIONAL SECURITY, DISTRIBUTION OF POWER, REALISM, FUNCTIONALISM, NON-PROLIFERATION. DISARMAMENT
 
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