Paper Information

Journal:   HISTORY OF LITERATURE (JOURNAL OF HUMAN SCIENCES)   FALL 2010 , Volume - , Number 66/3; Page(s) 189 To 214.
 
Paper:  STRUCTURE, FEATURES AND FUNCTIONS OF GOVERNMENT IN MERSAD-OL-EBAD
 
Author(s):  AGHDAI TOORAJ*
 
* AZAD UNIVERSITY, ZANJAN BRANCH
 
Abstract: 

Najm-al-din Arefi is a mystic who does not seem to have much to do with politics. His interest, however, in man, his fate, happiness, and damnation, which are linked to the way a country is governed, has compelled him to discuss politics. In this article, we will see that based on his mystical and religious views, he insists on the existential necessity of government, and also views government and religion as the two sides of a coin. He considers shariah as the source of the norms by which governments and governors can be evaluated. In Mersad-al-Ebad, he claims that the different parts of a government, like body parts, should be in full collaboration with each other and with the system as a whole. A government is like a pyramid with the king at its top and the ministers and officers in the middle. The people, as the majority and as the poorest class, are at the bottom. This model has been taken from his own society where the monarch rules as the absolute power and his officers gain power by means of bribery and subservience. He, as is always the case, does not express the reality.
Instead, he writes about “what should be”. Reading this, the reader deconstructs the text and finds out what the text implies. His contemporary government is a corrupt regime in which a limited minority gathers unlimited wealth and oppresses the vast majority.

 
Keyword(s): POLITICS, SHARIAH, KING, MINISTER, OFFICERS, PEOPLE
 
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