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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF MAZANDARAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES   DECEMBER 2011 , Volume 21 , Number 85; Page(s) 21 To 26.
 
Paper: 

THE PREVALENCE OF PICA AND THE ASSOCIATED FACTORS IN WOMEN WITH IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA

 
 
Author(s):  JANBABAI GHASEM, AZADEH HOSSEIN, FARAZMANDFAR TOURAJ, SAYADI SOHRAB, SHARIFIAN RAYKA, TAGHIPOUR MEHRDAD
 
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Abstract: 

Background and purpose: Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency in both developing and developed Countries. Among its symptoms, pica is the most common and may appear in various forms even before anemia. It causes problems such as poisoning, intestinal problems, damage to the teeth, and parasitic fungal and bacterial infections, etc. The aim of this study was an epidemiological survey of pica disorder in women with iron deficiency and the associated factors.
Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional study in which 260 women with iron deficiency anemia were enrolled during one year based on low hemoglobin, its percent saturation and low ferritin levels. A questionnaire was employed to obtain information such as age, iron supplement use, family history, type of pica, etc.
Results: Among the participants, 177 patients (68.1 %) had one or more types of pica and 83 (31.9 %) had none. Moreover, forty four patients (17 %) had pica positive family history. The pica type, from high to low prevalence, consisted of ingesting sugary and starchy materials, ice, curd, plaster, soil, etc.
Conclusion: Considering the diversity, relatively high prevalence, serious and dangerous complications caused by pica, early treatment of anemia and promotion of public awareness seems necessary.

 
Keyword(s): IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA, PICA, PREVALENCE
 
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