Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN SCIENTIFIC FISHERIES JOURNAL   SPRING 2011 , Volume 20 , Number 1 (74); Page(s) 53 To 64.
 
Paper: 

LC50 AND BIOACCUMULATION OF CD IN DIFFERENT LIFE STAGES OF ARTEMIA URMIANA

 
 
Author(s):  RAHIMI B.*, NEJATKHAH MANAVI P.
 
* FACULTY OF MARINE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, #14, SHAHID FALAHI AVE., TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

This study was conducted in vitro to assess lethality, LC50 and the possibility of bioaccumulation of cadmium in various life stages of Artemia urmiana. Artemia is highly used in aquaculture; hence the response of the organisms to pollutants, such as cadmium regarding the increase in environmental pollution is of high importance. This experiment was performed in Faculty of Marine science and Technology, Islamic Azad University and Atomic Energy Organization of Iran in 2009. In the first stage, smaller than 1day naupliis were exposed to 10 different concentrations from 0 to 250mg/l Cd. LC50 of Cd in 24h of A. urmiana exposure was 189.33mg/L. Next, the accumulations of Cd in 5, 10, 15 and 20mg/l Cd were examined in 1, 5, 11 and 17 days of Artemia urmiana life. The results showed that Artemia urmiana has the ability of accumulation of cadmium and the accumulation level depends upon the concentration of the cadmium in the environment as well as different living periods of Artemia. We found that increasing the concentration of cadmium in the environment increases its accumulation in Artemia. There was a significant difference in accumulation of Cd between 5mg/l Cd (0.267ppm) and 20mg/l Cd (0.364ppm) in the first day of A. urmiana life (P<0.05). In all treatments of the 11 day Artemia, bioaccumulations of Cd increased with increasing of cadmium concentration. Maximum accumulation of Cd was in 20mg/l Cd in the 11 day Artemia. Results showed that although A. urmiana is resistant to Cd, however in 250mg/l, cadmium has significant toxic effects on Artemia survival (3.33%).

 
Keyword(s): ARTEMIA URMIANA, POLLUTION, HEAVY METALS, TOXICS
 
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