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Paper Information

Journal:   ROSTANIHA   2012 , Volume 13 , Number 1 (42); Page(s) 1 To 9.
 
Paper: 

A STUDY OF THREATENED SPECIES OF FERNS IN GILAN PROVINCE (N IRAN) PROVIDING A COMPARISON OF PROTECTIVE CLASSIFICATION OF CONSERVATION BASED ON IUCN'S FACTORS

 
 
Author(s):  ESKANDARI M.*, RIAZI B., SHIRZADIAN S., MAZOOJI A.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY, BASIC SCIENCE FACULTY, SCIENCE AND RESEARCH BRANCH, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

During an investigation on pteridophytes (ferns) of Guilan province (N Iran), 402 specimens were studied. Of these, 44 species, under 21 genera, belonging to 13 families, were identified. Based on the approved instruction given by the "International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN)", after performing the filtering stage, 17 species were identified as endangered. The results showed that different threat factors could be considered as an important step to all endangered plants.
Deforestation, road-construction, uncontrolled grazing together with invasion of non-indigenous plants, are the most causes considered as threat factors in relation to fern community of the area. It also showed that, out of 44 species that are so far identified from the area, one is considered as critically endangered (CR), five as endangered (EN), five as vulnerable (VU) and six as rare (R) species. In addition, 20 species have suitable population, hence, do not need much attention. The present knowledge is not yet enough for the left seven species which means, we are still unable to provide more comment. The area under the present survey has one of the richest diversified habitats of ferns that consist about 77% of all fern species found in Iran.

 
Keyword(s): ENDANGERED, EXTINCT, HABITAT, IRAN, IUCN, VULNERABLE
 
References: 
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