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Paper Information

Journal:   POLICE MANAGEMENT STUDIES QUARTERLY (PMSQ)   SUMMER 2011 , Volume 6 , Number 2; Page(s) 242 To 265.
 
Paper: 

COGNIZANCE OF THREAT ORIGINATED FROM ORGANIZED CRIMES AGAINST I.R. IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  HASSANBEIGI EBRAHIM, HENDIANI ABDULLAH
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

Background and Objectives: Security has been constantly one of the concerns of mankind and human communities; and due to its growing importance in communities, ways and tools of establishing and maintaining it home has been subject to astounding developments. Over the recent years, public security which is the consequence of some overlapping and effective elements and parameters in social, economic and political realms have become more visible, and have entered Iran’s security surveys and research field. On the other hand, measures taken by criminal international arena which is considered as a threat against community health, has challenged establishment of a desirable level of public security for the citizens, and has necessitated firm confrontation with that. The present research, while aiming at identifying threats resulted from the crimes for the country’s public security, contributes to materialization of such objective.
Method: The research is of applied type, and conducted through using documentary and survey method. Validity of the self-made questionnaire calculated through using Cronbach Alpha (
a=0.90), and Treston method is used for determining its reliability. The collected data analyzed through unilateral and multivariable variance analysis tests, path analysis, and multivariable regressions. Lisrel and SPSS was used for this purpose.
Findings: Smuggling is the most important threat resulted from organized crimes. Public security indices include institutional, conceptual, value based and sector constituents. There is no significant difference between general status of various constituents of public security.
Conclusion: The most important characteristics of organized crimes are: supportive tool, criminal activities, delinquent organization, monopoly; and their indices are explained, as well.

 
Keyword(s): PUBLIC SECURITY, ORGANIZED CRIMES, THREAT
 
References: 
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