Paper Information

Journal:   THE JOURNAL OF QAZVIN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES   SUMMER 2010 , Volume 14 , Number 2 (55); Page(s) 12 To 19.
 
Paper: 

RISK FACTORS OF BREAST CANCER IN RAMSAR AND TONEKABON

 
 
Author(s):  KEIHANIAN SH., GHAFFARI F.*, FOTOKIAN Z., SHOORMIG R., SARAVI M.
 
* FACULTY OF NURSING, BABOL UNIVERSITY, CENTER OF RAMSAR, MOTAHARI AVE., RAMSAR, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer and the leading cause of death in women between 40-45 years old. Recognition of highly significant risk factors of breast cancer is of vital importance in preventing the incidence of this type of malignancy.
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the risk factors of breast cancer.
Methods: This was a descriptive-analytical case-control study. The study population consisted of patients with and without breast cancer living in two cities of Ramsar & Tonekabon who visited the hematology and oncology clinic during 2004-2007. A total of 120 individuals were selected based on pairs sampling method. The study tool was a researcher-designed questionnaire which could evaluate a number of variables. Data were analyzed using statistical tests including chi-square test, paired t-test, and logistic regression.
Findings: There was a significant relationship between the breast cancer and the duration of breast feeding (p<0.02), family history of breast cancer (p<0.01), history of using oral contraceptive pill (p<0.000), condition of menopause (p<0.000), and history of abortion (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Considering our data, periodic screening of women with one or more risk factors of breast cancer is recommended.

 
Keyword(s): RISK FACTOR, BREAST CANCER
 
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