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Paper Information

Journal:   SCIENTIFIC-RESEARCH IRANIAN VETERINARY JOURNAL   WINTER 2008 , Volume 3 , Number 4 (17); Page(s) 106 To 111.
 
Paper: 

CHRONIC MYELOPROLIFERATIVE DISORDER IN A FOUR-YEAR OLD PERSIAN CAT: CASE REPORT

 
 
Author(s):  ATYABI N., KORRAMI N., MAZAHERINEZHAD R.
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

A 4-year-old Persian cat was presented to a small animal hospital at the college of veterinary medicine, University of Tehran. The animal was recumbent, depressed, and dehydrated, with anorexia and complication in breathing. The owner complained about diarrhiea and vomiting during the last two days. The cat mucosal membrane of mouth and gingiva was pale and slightly icteric. The haemogram showed PCV=33%, WBC=10x105/ul, segmented neutrophil=72%, band neutrophil=7%, lymphocyte=10%, eosinophil=8% and basophil=7%. There were severe proliferation of myeloid series and presence of a mild neutrophilic left-shift and immature cells. The erythroid series proliferation was also severe with 46% neucleated red blood cells (NRBC) and the presence of blast form of RBC. Rouleaux formation was noticed in erythrocytes and there were signs of anemia with presence of hypochromia, Howel Jolly and Heinz bodies. However, the packed cell volume (PCV) seems, in normal range, but the anemia, high serum protein level (7.9g/dl) and dehydration suggested it should be under the normal range. The liver enzymes showed high elevation in their activities, (AST=190 IU/L and ALT=375 IU/L) suggesting liver malfunction. There were inflammatory processes in liver, lungs and intestine, and the liver was larger than normal in radiography. The blood BUN was in the normal range (BUN=25mg/dl) that means the kidney function is still normal. The patient did not respond to symptomatic therapy and died several days after the treatment. A myeloproliferative disorder was diagnosed with erythroleukemic reaction, prodorninantly (MDS-Er or M-Er), in which GI tract was involved and produced diarrhea and vomiting. Infiltration of the most reticuloendothelial organs with proliferated cells was probably the cause of death.

 
Keyword(s): PERSIAN CAT, ANEMIA, HEPATOMEGALY, CHRONIC MYELOPROLIFERATIVE DISORDER AND ERYTHROLEUKEMIA
 
References: 
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