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Paper Information

Journal:   TARIKH WA TAMADDUN-I ISLAMI   SPRING-SUMMER 2012 , Volume 8 , Number 15; Page(s) 59 To 98.
 
Paper: 

THE COMMON LINK AND ITS RELATION TO THE TECHNICAL HADITH TERMS

 
 
Author(s):  AGHAEI S. ALI*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF QUR’AN & HADITH SCIENCES, SCIENCE AND RESEARCH BRANCH, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

The “common link” in isnads of traditions has been identified by Western scholars for a long time. They have interpreted that differently in their studies and used it for dating traditions. This article answers the question, whether early Muslim traditionists, were familiar with this phenomenon and also which technical Hadith terms are coined for explaining different features of traditions and their transmitters related to common link. Review of early Hadith works reveals that the technical terms such as “gharib” and “fard” are coined and used concerning some aspects of the same phenomenon. Furthermore, it identifies that “madar” is equivalent with the Western term “common link”. Finally, examining how early traditionists dealt with this phenomenon, this paper clarifies that the difference between Western and Muslims scholars’ understanding and interpretation of this phenomenon, is rooted in their different approaches to the validity of Ḥadith and their method in criticizing the traditions.

 
Keyword(s): COMMON LINK, MADAR, TAFARRUD, GHARIB, FARD, ITIBAR, MUTABIAT, SHAWAHID
 
References: 
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