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Paper Information

Journal:   DERMATOLOGY AND COSMETIC   FALL 2010 , Volume 1 , Number 3; Page(s) 119 To 124.
 
Paper: 

ETIOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS OF HIRSUTISM IN PREMENOPAUSAL IRANIAN WOMEN

 
 
Author(s):  AKBARI DARIUSH*, HOSSEINPOUR NARGES
 
* NAVID CLINIC, BORAZJAN, BUSHEHR, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
Background and Aim: Hirsutism is defined as the presence of terminal hairs in androgen dependent areas in women. It is a common clinical condition and affects 5% to 10% of women of reproductive age. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical features and etiologic factors of hirsutism in premenopausal women.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 200 premenopausal women with hirsutism who were admitted at our dermatologic clinic during a 2-year period were investigated. After a careful history and physical examination, a trans abdominal ultrasonography of the ovaries and laboratory evaluation including early morning total testosterone, prolactin, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) and 17-hydroxyprogestron in all patients and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in 10 patients were performed.
Results: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) was the most common cause of the hirsutism (54.5%) followed by idiopathic hirsutism (40%). Other causes of hirsutism were prolactinoma (2%), hypothyroidism (1%) and drugs intake (2.5%).
Hirsutism was mild in 109 patients (54.5%), moderate in 85 patients (42.5%) and severe in 6 patients (3%). Family history of hirsutism was present in 105 (52.5%) patients. Clinical conditions associated with hirsutism were: acne (52.5%), menstrual irregularity (35%), androgenetic alopecia (15%), acanthosis negricans (7.5%) and obesity (37.5%).
Conclusion: PCOS and idiopathic hirsutism are the most common cause of the hirsutism in premenopausal women. A detailed history and physical exam often provide enough information to determine the etiology of hirsutism.
 
Keyword(s): HIRSUTISM, POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME, ACNE
 
 
References: 
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Citations: 
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APA: Copy

AKBARI, D., & HOSSEINPOUR, N. (2010). ETIOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS OF HIRSUTISM IN PREMENOPAUSAL IRANIAN WOMEN. DERMATOLOGY AND COSMETIC, 1(3), 119-124. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=276597



Vancouver: Copy

AKBARI DARIUSH, HOSSEINPOUR NARGES. ETIOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS OF HIRSUTISM IN PREMENOPAUSAL IRANIAN WOMEN. DERMATOLOGY AND COSMETIC. 2010 [cited 2021July31];1(3):119-124. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=276597



IEEE: Copy

AKBARI, D., HOSSEINPOUR, N., 2010. ETIOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS OF HIRSUTISM IN PREMENOPAUSAL IRANIAN WOMEN. DERMATOLOGY AND COSMETIC, [online] 1(3), pp.119-124. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=276597.



 
 
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