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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ARTHROPOD-BORNE DISEASES   2010 , Volume 4 , Number 2; Page(s) 61 To 67.
 
Paper: 

MALARIA SITUATION AND ANOPHELINE MOSQUITOES IN QOM PROVINCE, CENTRAL IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  FARZINNIA B.*, SAGHAFIPOUR A., ABAI M.R.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, QOM UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, QOM, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: The aims of this study was to analysis the current situation of malaria and to find the distribution of anopheline mosquitoes, as probable vectors of the disease, in Qom Province, central Iran.
Methods: This study was carried out in two parts. First stage was data collection about malaria cases using recorded documents of patients in the Province health center, during 2001–2008. The second stage was entomological survey conducted by mosquito larval collection method in 4 villages with different geographical positions in 2008. Data were analyzed using Excel software.
Results: Of 4456 blood slides, 10.9% out were positive. Most of cases were imported from other countries (90.4%), mainly from Afghanistan (56.5%) and Pakistan (16.3%). Slide positive rate showed a maximum of 16.9% and a minimum of 2.9% in 2008 and 2007, respectively. Plasmodium vivax was causative agent of 93.75% of cases, followed by P. falciparum (6.25%). More than 15 years old age group contained the most malaria reported cases (66.7%). Two Anopheles species, An. superpictus and An. claviger were collected and identified. This is the first report of Anopheles claviger in Qom Province.
Conclusion: Malaria is in the control stage in Qom Province. The rate of local transmission is very low (only 1 case), shows Anopheles superpictus, as the main malaria vector of central part of Iran, can play its role in malaria transmission in the area.

 
Keyword(s): MALARIA, IRAN, EPIDEMIOLOGY
 
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