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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ARTHROPOD-BORNE DISEASES   2010 , Volume 4 , Number 2; Page(s) 26 To 34.
 
Paper: 

SPECIES COMPOSITION AND DIVERSITY OF MOSQUITOES IN NEKA COUNTY, MAZANDARAN PROVINCE, NORTHERN IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  NIKOOKAR SH., MOUSA KAZEMI S.H.*, OSHAGHI M.A., YAGHOUBI ERSHADI M.R., VATANDOUST H., KIANINASAB A.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY AND VECTOR CONTROL, SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Regarding to the significant of the possibility of the malaria epidemic and nuisance of mosquitoes during the active season, the fauna and some ecological activities of mosquitoes in related to tree holes were investigated from April to December 2009 in Neka county of Mazandaran Province, northern Iran.
Methods: Larval collection was carried out from natural, artificial breeding places, and tree holes inside the forest in Neka County, Mazandaran Province in 2009. In addition, human bait net trap collection was conducted using suction tube several times during this investigation.
Results: Four genera and five species were found in tree holes. Anopheles plumbeus, Culiseta annulata, Culex pipiens, and Ochlerotatus geniculatus were collected by larval collection whereas, Ochlerotatus pulcritarsis was found by adult collection. Overall Cx. pipiens 44.6%, Oc. geniculatus 32.6%, An. plumbeus 22.5%, and Cs. Annulata 0.3% were collected by larval collection. During the bait net collection five specie were identified including: Oc. geniculatus 55.87%, Oc. echinus 1.33%, Oc. pulcritarsis 8.8%, Cx. pipiens 33.8%, and An. plumbeus 0.2%. Cs. Annulata larvae was detected for the first time with a low abundance in tree cavity.
Conclusion: Tree holes were found the main habitat for the species of Oc. geniculatus. The species of Cs. Annulata was found in tree holes.

 
Keyword(s): MOSQUITO, FAUNA, TREE HOLES, DIVERSITY, IRAN
 
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