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Paper Information

Journal:   MODARES JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (PATHOBIOLOGY)   SUMMER 2012 , Volume 15 , Number 2; Page(s) 62 To 72.
 
Paper: 

A SUICIDE-INDUCING VECTOR CARRYING THE OCT-4 PROMOTER FOR ERADICATION OF THE AGS CANCER CELL LINE

 
 
Author(s):  NAJAFI ROSHANAK, SADEGHIZADEH MAJID*, MOWLA SEYED JAVAD
 
* MOLECULAR GENETICS, FACULTY OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, TARBIAT MODARES UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN, P.O.CODE: 1411713116
 
Abstract: 

Objective: In an attempt to develop safer and more effective gene therapy approaches as a realistic treatment for various forms of cancer, researchers are increasingly using tumor-specific promoters (TSP) to drive the expression of the gene of interest and eradicate cancer cells. In this study, for the first time we introduce the Oct-4 promoter as a cancer-specific promoter with a high efficacy.
Methods: We cloned Oct-4 promoter and enhancers into a pGl3 control reporter vector and analyzed the expression of luciferase as a reporter gene in an AGS gastric cell line. Next, we used a suicide-inducing vector that included an Oct-4 promoter and the TK gene in the presence of the non-toxic prodrug, ganciclovir, to eradicate cancer cells. Cells were treated with PI and connexin V. FACS analysis was conducted to assess the effect of the system on cell cycle and apoptosis induction.
Results: Under the activity of the Oct-4 promoter, luciferase expression was three-fold higher than the SV40 promoter. The HSV/TK/GCV system activated by the Oct-4 promoter and enhancers induced apoptosis (86.17%) in the AGS cell line. We verified that this system induced S-phase/G2-phase cell cycle arrest in the AGS cell line.
Conclusion: These data indicate that the Oct-4 promoter is active in the AGS cell line. Oct-4 gene is expressed in a wide variety of tumors but not in normal cells. Thus, Oct-4 appears to be a promising tumor-specific promoter for numerous tumors.

 
Keyword(s): CANCER STEM CELLS, THYMIDINE KINASE, GANCICLOVIR, LUCIFERASE, OCT-4
 
References: 
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