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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY   FALL 2007-WINTER 2008 , Volume 3 , Number 3-4; Page(s) 67 To 71.
 
Paper: 

SOFT NEUROLOGICAL SIGNS IN HYPERACTIVE INATTENTIVE CHILDREN AND COMPARISON WITH NORMAL CHILDREN

 
 
Author(s):  RAZJOYAN K., DAVARI ASHTIANI R.*, YAVARI P.
 
* RESEARCH CENTRE OF BEHAVIOR SCIENCE, MEDICAL SCHOOL, SHAHEED BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background & Objectives: This research focused on estimating the mean of Neurological Soft Signs scores in children with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder and comparing them with normal children.
Methods: We evaluated 25 children with Attention Deficit- Hyperactivity Disorder in the age group of 7-12 years (mean age: 10.16
±1.5y) using the DSM-VI Attention Deficit - Hyperactivity Disorder Questionnaire, Conner’s Parents’ Rating Scale, and the 28-item NES Questionnaire. There was no significant age difference between cases and controls. The mean total NES score was 11.4±4.14 in cases and 5.6±2.79 in controls(P<0.0001). Compared to the control group, the cases had significantly more problems with the glabellar reflex, rapid alternative movements and right-left discrimination.
Results: Soft Neurological signs are observed with greater frequency among children with ADHD compared to normal subjects and the difference is more significant in certain domains such as rapid alternative movements, right- left confusion, and glabellar reflex.
Conclusions: Considering the relatively high frequency of soft neurological signs in children with Attention deficit- Hyperactivity Disorder, earlier diagnosis and treatment of the disease might be possible through careful neurological examination.

 
Keyword(s): ATTENTION DEFICIT AND HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER, SOFT NEUROLOGICAL SIGNS
 
References: 
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