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Paper Information

Journal:   PAZHUHISHNAMEH TARIKH TAMADDON ISLAMI (MAQALAT WA BARRASIHA)   SPRING-SUMMER 2011 , Volume 44 , Number 1 (92); Page(s) 49 To 64.
 
Paper: 

STATUS OF THE ROMANIAN MUSLIMS DURING THE COMMUNIST REGIME FROM 1945 TO 1989

 
 
Author(s):  CERNATESCU MIHAI*, JAN AHAMADI FATEMEH, AEINEVAND SADEQ
 
* TARBIAT MODARES UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

Romania was occupied by the Soviet army in 1944 and the military seizure continued until 1958. Constant interference and constraints imposed by the Russian government upon Romania, during this time, resulted in formation and establishment of a Communist Institution in the country. The Communist reign in Romania lasted forty four years from 1945 to 1989. The hostility of the Communist government towards different religions and belief systems caused many adversities not only to the Muslim minority but also the Christian majority. Political pressure from the Communist government focused mainly on forcing the Christian majority as well as the Muslim minority to renounce religion and/or discard any form of belief system. The main question is to identify the effects of political changes in Romania and the Communist reign on Muslim Romanians. How were the Muslim Romanians able to guard their religious identity amid adversities caused by Communism? Selected research method is description and based on analysis of the collected data.

 
Keyword(s): ISLAM, ROMANIAN MUSLIMS, DOBRUJA, COMMUNIST GOVERNMENT
 
References: 
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