Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF SUBCONTINENT RESEARCHES   SUMMER 2012 , Volume 4 , Number 11; Page(s) 61 To 70.
 
Paper: 

MIRZA GHALIB AND THE BRITISH LEGACY

 
 
Author(s):  ALAM MAHMOOD*
 
* PERSIAN STUDIES DEPT, UNIVERSITY OF ENGLISH AND FOREIGN LANGUAGES, HYDERABAD, INDIA
 
Abstract: 

Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib (1797-1869) was the last great poet and writer of the Mughal period. Ghalib's grandfather, Quqan Khan of Samarqand came to India during the reign of Shah Alam II. Undoubtedly Mirza Ghalib was a poet and writer of the Mughal era but he lived and wrote in the British India also. Ghalib was a product of Mughal society on the one hand, was also influenced by the British on the other. He has profusely written about the British in his works. A sizeable portion of his poetry in Persian is devoted to the odes of Queen Victoria, Governor Generals, and Chief Secretaries of Govt. of India and a host of other British dignitaries
The Persian letters of Ghalib are full of appreciation for the British. He came in contact with several British secretaries of India in whom he found efficient administrators and good human being. His personal contact with them made him their great admirer and he considered them as his friends. Undoubtedly the British were the new paymasters of Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib. He had all the reasons to admire and appreciate the British Raj which was destined to usher in modern life and society in the Indian subcontinent. Hence Ghalib felt the impact of change and as such he became not a traditional but a modern poet and writer. The genius of Ghalib is more of intellect than of emotion.
The present paper intends to discuss Ghalib's Persian writings in which the British Raj will be fairly reflected.

 
Keyword(s): GHALIB, BRITISH, POETRY, PERSIAN, CULTURE, ADMINISTRATION
 
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