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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF MEDICAL COUNCIL OF I.R.I.   FALL 2007 , Volume 25 , Number 3; Page(s) 317 To 323.
 
Paper: 

THE FREQUENCY OF DEPRESSION AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ADMITTED TO BAQIYATALLAH AND NAJMIEH HOSPITALS

 
 
Author(s):  LALOOEI A.*, KASHANI ZADEH N.
 
* DEPT. OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY, 11TH FLOOR, BAQIYATALLAH HOSPITAL, MOLLASADRA AVE., VANAK SQUARE, TEHRAN 19945-587, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Recent studies have shown that depression during pregnancy is even more common than post-partum depression. Given the serious effects of depression during pregnancy, the aim of our study was to determine the frequency of depression and its related factors in pregnant women admitted to two teaching hospitals.
Methods: In a cross-sectional study, we studied 400 pregnant women who were referred to Prenatal Clinics of Baqiyatallah and Najmieh Hospitals over a 2.5 month period. The instrument for the evaluation of depression was Beck Depression Inventory.
Findings: The frequency of depression was 21.3 % (85 cases). Depression was associated with low maternal age (p=0.008), number of gestations (p=0.001), gestational age (p=0.018), number of other children (p=0.001), history of depression (p=0.001) and history of abortion (p=0.004). Logistic regression analysis showed that only low maternal age (under 25 years), history of depression and history of abortion were risk factors of depression.
Conclusion: Due to the high frequency of depression in pregnant women, screening of depression is necessary during this period.

 
Keyword(s): PREGNANCY, DEPRESSION, BECK DEPRESSION INVENTORY
 
References: 
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