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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING   SEPTEMBER 2012 , Volume 25 , Number 3 (TRANSACTIONS C: ASPECTS); Page(s) 177 To 186.
 
Paper: 

NUMERICAL MODELING OF AN INNOVATIVE BIPOLAR PLATE DESIGN BASED ON THE LEAF VENATION PATTERNS FOR PEM FUEL CELLS

 
 
Author(s):  ARBABI F., ROSHANDEL R.*, KARIMI MOGHADDAM G.
 
* ENERGY ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT, SHARIF ENERGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE (SERI), SHARIF UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Flow channel design on bipolar plates has a direct effect on Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell performance. It has been found out that the flow field design has a deterministic role on the mass transport and water management, and therefore on the achieved power in PEM Fuel cells. This study concentrates on improvements in the fuel cell performance through optimization of channel dimensions and configuration. To find an optimized state, a two dimensional numerical model of the flow distribution based on the Navier-Stokes equations and by use of an individual computer code is presented. The simulated results showed a very good agreement with the experimental results obtained in previous works. Finally, numerical simulation has been conducted to investigate the advantages of a newly proposed pattern with inspiration from plant leaves. The main design criteria are focused on less pressure drop and more uniform pressure and velocity distributions throughout the flow channels. It was found that both velocity and pressure fields are much more homogeneous in the new channel design; therefore, it is expected to produce a more uniform dispersal of reactants over the GDL and the catalyst layer, which in turn causes the efficiency to enhance.

 
Keyword(s): FUEL CELLS, BIPOLAR PLATE, FLOW FIELD DESIGN, COMPUTATIONAL MODELING, LEAF VENATION PATTERN
 
 
References: 
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Citations: 
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+ Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

ARBABI, F., & ROSHANDEL, R., & KARIMI MOGHADDAM, G. (2012). NUMERICAL MODELING OF AN INNOVATIVE BIPOLAR PLATE DESIGN BASED ON THE LEAF VENATION PATTERNS FOR PEM FUEL CELLS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING, 25(3 (TRANSACTIONS C: ASPECTS)), 177-186. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=275527



Vancouver: Copy

ARBABI F., ROSHANDEL R., KARIMI MOGHADDAM G.. NUMERICAL MODELING OF AN INNOVATIVE BIPOLAR PLATE DESIGN BASED ON THE LEAF VENATION PATTERNS FOR PEM FUEL CELLS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING. 2012 [cited 2021July27];25(3 (TRANSACTIONS C: ASPECTS)):177-186. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=275527



IEEE: Copy

ARBABI, F., ROSHANDEL, R., KARIMI MOGHADDAM, G., 2012. NUMERICAL MODELING OF AN INNOVATIVE BIPOLAR PLATE DESIGN BASED ON THE LEAF VENATION PATTERNS FOR PEM FUEL CELLS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING, [online] 25(3 (TRANSACTIONS C: ASPECTS)), pp.177-186. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=275527.



 
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