Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES   MARCH 2008 , Volume 13 , Number 1 (SUPPLEMENT); Page(s) 139 To 156.
 
Paper: 

A SURVEY ON CHALLENGE AND PROBLEMS OF HORTICULTURE AND AGRONOMY DEVELOPMENT METHODS IN THE CENTRAL PROVINCE

 
 
Author(s):  HAJI MIRRAHIMI S.D., NABAIE S.M., ZARE A.
 
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Abstract: 
Agricultural section is regarded as the economic development basis in economic, social and cultural development programs of Iran. The statistics and reliable data portray more advantages in the sector compared with other economic sections. Based on this notion, more labor productivity and added values, in every branch of investment, are mainly devoted to agriculture. Sub branch of agronomy and horticulture in Central Province with having 371 thousand hectares under cultivation of permanent and annual products which are regarded prominent from social and economic point of view.
Despite this, some challenges and problems have prevented the full utilization capabilities. The present survey based on survey method is apt to the recognition of the challenges and problems to eradicate them. The statistical society include: managers, experts and extension agents in sub branches of agronomy and horticulture in Jihad Agriculture Central Province Organization. The experts and extension agents' sample quantity was determined by the use of Cocran formula and for managers, it was through census that was about 199 people. The research findings showed that the external problems and challenges were more the issues of development prevention than those of internal in the mentioned province. The most distinguished external problems in agronomy and horticultural sectors were the lack of law and rules to support from the economic collapse of the sectors and the obligatory regulations about generative units' economic and standard status of the districts, and the lack or weakness of packaging, processing, transport, marketing and distribution of agricultural products were of the main concerns. The main determining factor of challenges and problems in the traditional and life based agriculture was 49.3 percent. In order to reduce or eradicate the mentioned problems, the following steps should be taken: developing farmers' extension and educational programs and also using experts' skills and abilities as counseling for the farm.
 
Keyword(s): CHALLENGE, HORTICULTURE AND AGRONOMY, DEVELOPMENT, DEVELOPMENT
 
References: 
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